We live in a world where things are accepted, looked into, discussed, strategized, only after they become a large problem. None of us are interested to either think or talk about the latent problem which is soon turning into a patent one—our dying environment. It is a gift that we received from our creator but alas we have repeatedly (ab)used it and now it’s dying a silent death.
It was widely believed that Earth was going to end in the year 2012. While it has been a year since and we are still alive, it doesn’t mean that the prediction was entirely inevitable. The way we humans, have been living our life, the day doesn’t seem far when mother Earth rebels and unleashes its fury upon us.
Although various governments have been trying to educate their people about the dying condition of the environment and the repercussions of their ignorance and indifference towards the dying environment, they have continued to be in the stage of denial. People don’t want to believe that it might be true and that they have exhausted almost all the natural resources available to them. Well, that’s where they are wrong, because not only have the minerals and fuels exhausted but many animals are on the verge of extinction.
The nature is not what it used to be. The beauty, the charm and the peacefulness of the nature is all lost. I agree that change is inevitable, but at what cost—the lives of the future generation?
One of the major problems harming our planet Earth is global warming. The term “global warming” was first used in its modern sense on Aug. 8,1975 in a science paper by Wally Broecker called “Are We On The Brink Of A Pronounced Global Warming?”
Global warming refers to an unequivocal and continuing rise in the average temperature of Earth’s climate. Over the time, scientific understanding of the cause of global warming has been increasing. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported that scientists were more than 90 percent certain that most of global warming was being caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities.
People have been cutting down forests for constructing new roads, buildings, city expansion and making furniture. But what they don’t realise is that these trees absorb a large amount of solar energy and in turn sustain the animal-life in the forests. What’s worse is that they never think of planting new saplings, let alone trees and forests. This kind of deforestation and imbalance in animal-life cycle is one of the major causes of global warming and has had some adverse effects.
Temperatures have been rising rapidly. The highest rise in the temperature was witnessed in the past decade when people experienced the warmest months of April, May, and June. In the year 2010, Pakistan hit its record high 129 degrees and so did Russia with 111 degrees.
Similarly, overall rainfall has also decreased in many countries while the others have been destroyed by repeated floods. Even the winters have ceased to be cold as the lowest recorded temperature has been steadily declining.
Not to mention that the number of natural calamities has increased, leading to mass destruction of human capital and financial capital. earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, glaciers gliding and melting, tsunamis, floods, severe draught and famines have increased in various countries causing great economic problems for the middle-class and lower-middle class people.
Expected Future Effects:
According to environmentalists’ reports, climatic changes are likely to have an adverse effect on the hundreds of millions of people through increased coastal flooding, reductions in water supplies, increased malnutrition and increased health impacts. They say that these changes in the climate will result in the extinction of many species and reduced diversity of ecosystems.
Luckily, there are various ways in which global warming can be reduced. Some of them are:
1) Reducing wastes.
2) Reusing or recycling used items.
3) Reducing the usage of disposable items.
4) Using compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs which are highly economical too.
5) Drive less and walk more.
6) Save and conserve water.
7) Reducing deforestation and increasing reforestation. Plant more and more trees.
Easy isn’t it? The only problem is that we need to take up these steps right NOW. We need to work really hard and real fast to save the planet from the wrath of global warming.
No matter how small our contribution may be, it is important that each and every one of us take it up as our responsibility to save Earth and its environment.
Today, I take a vow that I will switch off lights and fans when not in use. What about you? What are you going to do to reduce global warming?
(First published at The Viewspaper, an online magazine.)